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This European Standard specifies technical safety requirements and measures for mobile or movable jacks (see 3.6) and associated lifting equipment. This European Standard deals with all significant hazards pertinent to mobile or movable jacks and associated lifting equipment when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. This European Standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards. This standard applies to lifting equipment (see 3.1) which are mobile or movable and designed to operate under the load, whether operated singulary or in multiples to partially or totally raise and lower loads or vehicles at one or more lifting points (excluding the lifting of persons) where working under the raised load is not permitted unless additional means of securing the load in position are in place. This standard does not establish additional requirements for - power drive by an internal combustion machine; - stability of the mobile or movable jacks and associated lifting equipment; - operation in severe conditions (e.g. extreme climates, freezer application, strong magnetic fields); - operation subject to special rules (e.g. potentially explosive atmospheres, mines); - supply by electrical networks where the tolerances in voltage, frequency etc. differ from those in the public supplies; - static electric problems; - handling of loads, the nature of which could lead to dangerous situations (e.g. molten metal, acids, radiating materials, especially brittle loads); - hazards occurring during producing and decommissioning; - hazards occurring when using the lifting equipment on public roads; - wind pressure in and out of use; - direct contact with foodstuffs; - operation on sea ships. This standard applies e.g. to the following lifting equipment - mechanical jacks with or without claw; - hydraulic jacks with or without claw and with or without integrated pump, e. g. hydraulic trolley jacks, hydraulic transmission jacks, hydraulic pit jacks; - pneumatic jacks. This standard does not apply to a) jacks or stabilizers which are permanently fixed to a trailer or a container to support a trailer or container without the tractor-unit; b) hydraulic cylinders which are permanently fixed to the vehicle for tipping and/or tilting parts of it; c) support stands with the possibility for changing the lift height only without the load; d) hydraulic lifting equipment working with a maximum pressure exceeding 500 bar and where pump and cylinder are not integrated parts of the same equipment; e) jacks that are delivered with road vehicles for helping when a break-down occurs (including delivery of original spare parts).