Norm

ASTM D460-91(2014)

Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Soaps and Soap Products

78,39

Over deze norm

Status Definitief
Aantal pagina's 21
Commissie D12.12
Gepubliceerd op 01-01-2014
Taal Engels

1.1 These test methods cover the sampling and chemical analysis of cake, powdered, flake, liquid, and paste soaps, and soap products.

1.2 The test methods appear in the following order:

Sampling

 

Section

General Requirements

 4

Cake Soaps, Flake and Powdered Soap Products when Packed in Cans or Cartons

 5

Flake and Powdered Soap Products when in Bulk

 6

Liquid Soap

 7

Paste Soap Products

 8

Preparation of Samples

 9

Test Methods for Chemical Analysis

Safety Precautions

10

Purity of Reagents

11

Duplicate Tests

12

Moisture:

 Choice of Method

13

 Method A—Matter Volatile at 105°C (Oven Method)

14

 Method B—Distillation Method

15 – 18

Total Matter Insoluble in Alcohol

19 and 20

Free Alkali or Free Acid

21

Matter Insoluble in Water

22

Total Alkalinity of Matter Insoluble in Alcohol, Alkaline Salts

23

Combined Alkali, Total Anhydrous Soap

24 and 25

Combined Sodium and Potassium Oxides

26 – 29

Free Alkali and Potassium Carbonate in Potash Paste Soaps

30 – 32

Unsaponified plus Unsaponifiable Matter

33 – 35

Unsaponifiable Matter

36 – 38

Unsaponified Matter

39

Rosin (McNicoll Method)

40 – 43

Preparation of Total Fatty Matter, Fatty and Rosin Acids, and Unsaponified Matter

44 and 45

Titer Test

46 and 47

Acid Number of Fatty Acids

48 and 49

Iodine Number (Wijs Method)

50 – 52

Chlorides

53 – 55

Borax

56 – 58

Silica Present as Alkaline Silicates

59 and 60

Carbon Dioxide (Carbonates):

 

 Train-Absorption Method

61 – 64

 Evolution-Volumetric Method

65 – 68

Phosphates

69 – 76

Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate

77 – 79

Sulfates

80 and 81

Glycerine, Sugars, and Starch:

 

 Glycerine in the Absence of Sugars

82 – 84

 Glycerine in the Presence of Sugars

85 and 86

 Starch

87 and 88

 Sugars

89 and 90

 Volatile Hydrocarbons

91 – 95

 Copper (Trace Amounts)

 96 – 102

 Precision and Bias

103


1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 10. Material Safety Data Sheets are available for reagents and materials. Review them for hazards prior to usage.

Details

ICS-code 71.100.40
Nederlandse titel Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Soaps and Soap Products
Engelse titel Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Soaps and Soap Products

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