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1.1 This test method covers the quantitative determination of additive elements in unused lubricating oils and additive packages, as shown in . The pooled limit of quantitation of this test method as obtained by statistical analysis of interlaboratory test results is 0.02 % for magnesium, 0.003 % for phosphorus, 0.002 % for sulfur, 0.001 % for chlorine, 0.003 % for calcium, 0.001 % for zinc, and 0.002 % for molybdenum.
1.2 Additive packages require dilution with a contamination free diluent (base oil) prior to analysis. The dilution factor has to be calculated from the expected concentrations to bring the concentrations for all elements into the ranges listed in .
1.3 Some lubrication oils will contain higher concentrations than the maximum concentrations listed in . These samples require dilution with a contamination free diluent (base oil) prior to analysis. The dilution factor has to be calculated from the expected concentrations to bring the concentrations for all elements into the ranges listed in .
1.4 This test method is limited to the use of energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometers employing an X-ray tube for excitation in conjunction with the ability to separate the signals of adjacent elements by using a high resolution semiconductor detector.
1.5 This test method uses inter-element correction factors calculated from a fundamental parameters (FP) approach or from another matrix correction method.
1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6.1 The preferred concentration units are mg/kg or mass %.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
|Engelse titel||Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis|