Norm

ASTM E1498-92(2012)

Standard Guide for Conducting Sexual Reproduction Tests with Seaweeds

61,51

Over deze norm

Status Definitief
Aantal pagina's 12
Commissie E50.47
Gepubliceerd op 01-12-2012
Taal Engels

1.1 This guide covers procedures for obtaining laboratory data concerning the adverse effects of a test material added to dilution water on sexual reproduction by seaweeds. The exposure duration is species dependent and is followed by a period of development to allow the evidence of sexual reproduction to appear. There is no exposure to toxicants during the development period. This restricts the tests primarily to the events surrounding egg fertilization, and it minimizes any timelag effects on development that might interfere with correct enumeration of the number of sexual events that occurred. These procedures will probably be useful for conducting sexual reproduction toxicity tests with a variety of species of seaweeds, although modifications might be necessary.

1.2 Other modifications of these procedures might be justified by special needs or circumstances. Although using appropriate procedures is more important than following prescribed procedures, the results of tests conducted using unusual procedures are not likely to be comparable to those of many other tests. Comparison of the results obtained using modified and unmodified versions of these procedures might provide useful information concerning new concepts and procedures for conducting sexual reproduction tests with seaweeds.

1.3 These procedures are applicable to most chemicals, either individually or in formulations, commercial products, and known mixtures or whole effluents, as well as for use in testing surface waters. With appropriate modifications, these procedures can be used to study the effects of temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, and such materials as leachates, oils, particulate matter, and sediments.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

1.5 This guide is arranged as follows:

 

Section

Referenced Documents

 2  

Terminology

 3  

Summary of Guide

 4  

Significance and Use

 5  

Apparatus

 6  

 Facilities

 6.1

 Construction Materials

 6.2

 Test Chambers

 6.3

 Cleaning

 6.4

 Acceptability

 6.5

Hazards

 7  

Dilution and Culture Water

 8  

 Requirements

 8.1

 Source and Treatment

 8.2

Test Material

 9  

 Single Chemicals

 9.1

 Stock Solutions

 9.2

 Effluents and Surface Waters

 9.3

 Test Concentrations

 9.4

Test Organism

10  

 Species

10.1

 Life Stage

10.2

 Source

10.3

 Culture Nutrient Medium

10.4

Procedure

11  

 Preparation of Plants for a Test

11.1

 Test Conditions

11.2

 Experimental Design

11.3

Acceptability of Test

12  

Calculation of Results

13  

Documentation

14  

Keywords

15  

Appendix

X1 


1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazards statements, see 6.4 and Section 7.

Details

ICS-code 65.020.20
Nederlandse titel Standard Guide for Conducting Sexual Reproduction Tests with Seaweeds
Engelse titel Standard Guide for Conducting Sexual Reproduction Tests with Seaweeds

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