Over deze norm
1.1 This guide covers test methods and sampling procedure options for leave-on products for consumer and hospital personnel. Leave-on products, such as alcohol hand rubs and lotions containing antimicrobial ingredients, are increasingly marketed and used by consumers and health care personnel. These products are distinguished from conventional washing and scrubbing preparations in that they do not rely on the rinsing, physical removal, and antimicrobial action in determining their effectiveness. Although agitation and friction may serve to release organisms from the skin and folds and crevices, organisms are then killed in situ and are not rinsed from the skin surface before sampling. Appropriate test methods for the hands have been published, while other sampling methods will be needed for testing body areas other than the hands.
1.1.1 Researchers have described techniques to identify the expanded flora we now know can be present on the skin. It is impractical, if not prohibitive to attempt to recover and identify these varieties of organisms with each test. At some point in the design of a test, a decision is necessary for defining the target organisms. Should the sampling be designed to recover as much of the microflora as possible or a particular portion of it? Consideration of transient and resident, superficial and deep, or aerobic and anaerobic flora must be included in defining the objective in testing products. The recovery methods selected for any testing must be based on the projected use of the product type being tested.
1.2 Methods of recovery after application of the contaminating organisms to a part of the body other than by the agitation/rubbing of the hands against a glass petri plate also need examination. Consideration should be given to contact plating, controlled swabbing with a template, and cup scrubbing (detergent/agitation used) since the target organisms for recovery are likely to be on the superficial layers of skin.
|Engelse titel||Standard Guide for Testing Leave-On Products Using In-Situ Methods|