Over deze norm
1.1 This guide for characterizing polymerizable collagens is intended to provide characteristics, properties, test methods, and standardization approaches for use by producers, manufacturers, and researchers to identify specific collagen polymer formulations and associated self-assembled collagen-based products produced with these formulations. This guide will focus on the characterization of polymer forms of Type I collagen, which is the most abundant collagen in mammalian connective tissues and organs, including skin, bone, tendon, and blood vessels. Type I collagen may be derived from a variety of sources including, but not limited to, animal or cadaveric tissues, cell culture, recombinant, and chemical synthesis. This guide is intended to focus on purified Type I collagen polymers as a starting material for wound and hemostatic dressings, surgical implants, substrates for tissue-engineered medical products (TEMPs), delivery vehicles for therapeutic cells or molecules, and 3D in-vitro tissue systems for basic research, drug development, and toxicity testing. Polymerizable or self-assembly implies that the collagen composition exhibits spontaneous macromolecular assembly from its components in the absence of the addition of exogenous factors including cross-linking agents. Self-assembling collagen polymers may include, but are not limited to: (1) tissue-derived atelocollagens, monomers, and oligomers; (2) collagen proteins and peptides produced using recombinant technology; and (3) chemically synthesized collagen mimetic peptides. It should be noted that the format of associated self-assembled collagen-based products also will vary and may include injectable solutions that polymerize in situ as well as preformed sheets, particles, spheres, fibers, sponges, matrices/gels, coatings, films, and other forms. This guide may serve as a template for characterization and standardization of other fibrillar collagen types that demonstrate polymerization or self-assembly.
1.2 The ability of self-assembled collagen materials to guide cellular responses through provision of cellular adhesion and proteolytic domains as well as physical constraints (for example, structural, cell-matrix traction force) has been well documented through extensive clinical (1, 2)2 and basic research studies (3, 4). The biocompatibility and appropriateness of use for a specific application(s) is the responsibility of the product manufacturer.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 Warning—Mercury has been designated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and many state agencies as a hazardous material that can cause central nervous system, kidney, and liver damage. Mercury, or its vapor, may be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for details and the EPA website (http://www.epa.gov/mercury/faq.htm) for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, in your state may be prohibited by state law.
1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 5, of this guide. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
|Engelse titel||Standard Guide for Characterization and Standardization of Polymerizable Collagen-Based Products and Associated Collagen-Cell Interactions|