Over deze norm
1.1 This guide presents some generally accepted laboratory methodologies that are used for determining emulsion forming tendency, wetting behavior, and corrosion-inhibitory properties of crude oil.
1.2 This guide does not cover detailed calculations and methods, but rather covers a range of approaches that have found application in evaluating emulsions, wettability, and the corrosion rate of steel in crude oil/water mixtures.
1.3 Only those methodologies that have found wide acceptance in the industry are considered in this guide.
1.4 This guide is intended to assist in the selection of methodologies that can be used for determining the corrosivity of crude oil under conditions in which water is present in the liquid state (typically up to 100°C). These conditions normally occur during oil and gas production, storage, and transportation in the pipelines.
1.5 This guide is not applicable at higher temperatures (typically above 300°C) that occur during refining crude oil in refineries.
1.6 This guide involves the use of electrical currents in the presence of flammable liquids. Awareness of fire safety is critical for the safe use of this guide.
1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
|Engelse titel||Standard Guide for Determining Emulsion Properties, Wetting Behavior, and Corrosion-Inhibitory Properties of Crude Oils|