Norm

CWA 15044:2009 en

Beproeving en evaluatie van mijnopruimingsmachines

52,00

Over deze norm

Status Definitief
Aantal pagina's 38
Gepubliceerd op 01-12-2009
Taal Engels
The scope of the CWA is to provide standardized methodology for testing and evaluation of Demining Machines. It gives technical criteria for the following. - Performance test A test to establish whether the machine and its tool is capable of performing the role for which it is intended under comparable and repeatable conditions and to evaluate the manufacturer's specifications. See Annex A. - Survivability test A test of the effects of explosive forces on the machine and operators. The explosive force used will be based on the level of threat against which the machine is designed. See Annex B. CWA 15044:2009 (E) 6 - Acceptance test A test to ensure that the machine is able to work in the environment where it is intended to be used. The criteria shall provide guidelines for local authorities when accrediting machines. See Annex C. - Test targets Requirements for targets used in the above tests. See Annex D. The CWA also recommends a pre-test (pre-trial) assessment (PTA) in which a candidate machine can be examined to determine whether there is merit in committing the necessary resources to full performance and survivability tests. This may be viewed as an opportunity to 'weed-out' machines whose designs have not matured enough to make the full suite of tests cost-effective. It also provides the trial team an opportunity to view the machine and its basic operating procedures, which may suggest modifications to the trial program. Finally, it will give the trial team an opportunity to investigate aspects of the machine which are not explicitly included in the formalized performance or acceptance tests. For the purposes of this document, demining machines are defined as those machines whose stated purpose is the detonation, destruction or removal of landmines (mine clearance machines1). This does not necessarily imply a fully demined area following passage of the machine. Ground preparation machines are those which are primarily intended to improve the efficiency of subsequent demining activities such as manual demining. This may include breaking of hard ground, vegetation cutting, fragment removal, or rubble removal. It may or may not involve the detonation, destruction or removal of landmines. It is recognised that this CWA concentrates on the testing of machines employed to clear mines, and there is a need to expand future work to address a number of issues, including: Appropriate testing for ground preparation devices, including test of: a) vegetation clearance; b) breaking of hard ground; c) fragment removal; d) rubble removal; e) enhancement of testing of operator/crew safety, through development of the current survivability tests; f) possible degradation of performance due to the presence of blast resistant mines; g) possible degradation of performance due to the presence of environmental factors such as ditches, rocks, wires, rough ground, etc; h) enhancement of mobility testing beyond that currently in the pre-test (pre-trial) assessment. It is intended that future work should be able to expand the scope of this CWA to cover these points. It is also acknowledged that the current version of this document is written with an apparent bias toward intrusive machines, and flail and tiller working tools. It should be noted that other machines including rollers could be tested equally well using these same procedures. In addition, machines intended to remove mines (versus triggering or breaking them) such as sifters, could be tested simply by modifying the test sheets to delete the reference to mines being triggered or neutralized and changing it to mines being successfully removed. Finally, the test and evaluation procedures specified herein should be viewed as minimum requirements. Additional or more stringent requirements can be imposed if appropriate. Some care should be taken, however, that such changes do not compromise the intent of the tests or the ability to compare test results.

Details

ICS-code 95.020
Nederlandse titel Beproeving en evaluatie van mijnopruimingsmachines
Engelse titel Test and evaluation of demining machines
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