Over deze norm
CWA 17094-1 has been written for the purpose of defining the recommended features of police pistol and rifle ammunition. The document is intentionally written non-calibre specific referring to categories handgun, medium rifle and heavy rifle. Examples of calibres in these categories are 9mm Luger, 0,223 Rem and 308 Win.. Any calibre meeting the requirements is acceptable from the perspective of these recommendations. Categories are defined as follows: - handgun: used in pistols and submachine guns and having kinetic energy at 5 m distance at least 435 J and no more than 900 J and expected tactical range up to 50 m - medium rifle: used in light assault type rifles and carbines and having kinetic energy at 100 m at least 500 J and no more than 2000 J and expected tactical range up to 100 m - heavy rifle: used in sniper type rifles and having kinetic energy at 100 m at least 1800 J and expected tactical range up to and above 200 m This document in its full extent can be used for type certification of a product. When using it to define the technical requirements for an invitation to tender a subset of the requirements can be selected and rated according to their importance to the procuring unit. A further subset can be defined for carrying out acceptance inspections of a manufacturing lot or for assessing and monitoring the current ammunition in use. It describes an open system of requirements for different types of ammunition recognizing that several different technical implementations may comply with the requirements and police needs. Different tactical environments may set differing priorities on requirements. Based on tactical views a suitable set of requirements can be chosen and their threshold values adjusted. The service ammunition requirements are based on International Law principles that define the use of force guidelines. The means used and harm caused has to be in reasonable proportion to the objective and interests being protected. Any police action has to be reasonable and has to be performed without causing greater damage or harm than is necessary to accomplish the task. Any actions has to be justifiable in relation to the importance of the task and overall assessment of the situation. The taking of a human life cannot be an objective. Any situation justifying the use of lethal force is an extreme one and law enforcement officials have an obligation to protect first the non-involved bystanders, themselves and lastly the offenders from unnecessary and unjustified danger and harm. It can therefore be said that: - it is not acceptable to cause unnecessary danger to the innocent by using bullets of inferior and untested terminal ballistic qualities; - it is unacceptable to demand a police officer to risk his or her health or life by using inaccurate, unreliable or ineffective ammunition and firearms; - it is unacceptable to cause the offender more severe injuries than are justifiable and necessary to stop unlawful activities; - a firearm is a lethal weapon. Both using and not using it may lead to loss of life although killing a human being cannot be an objective. The use of a firearm is sometimes necessary and unavoidable in order to avoid more serious consequences. It is recognized that different ammunition can be used for training purposes and field service. It is also recognized that exceptional circumstances may justify the use of other types of ammunition than the ones described in this document in which case a suitable subset of these recommendations can be used.
||Police firearms technology - Part 1: Police pistol and rifle ammunition features - Recommendations