Over deze norm
This International Standard specifies methods for the determination of the compressibility characteristics of soils by incremental loading in an oedometer. This International Standard is applicable to the laboratory determination of the compression and deformation characteristics of soil within the scope of geotechnical investigations. The oedometer test is carried out on a cylindrical test specimen that is confined laterally by a rigid ring. The specimen is subjected to discrete increments of vertical axial loading or unloading and is allowed to drain axially from the top and bottom surfaces. Tests may be carried out on undisturbed or remoulded specimens. The main parameters which can be derived from the oedometer test carried out on undisturbed specimens are: 1) compressibility parameters; 2) coefficient of consolidation; 3) preconsolidation pressure or yield stress; 4) coefficient of secondary compression; 5) swelling parameters. The fundamentals of the incremental loading oedometer test include: stress path corresponds to one-dimensional straining; drainage is one-dimensional and axial. The stress paths and drainage conditions in foundations are generally three dimensional and differences can occur in the calculated values of both the magnitude and the rate of settlement. The small size of the specimen generally does not adequately represent the fabric features present in natural soils. Analysis of consolidation tests is generally based on the assumption that the soil is saturated. In case of unsaturated soils, some of the derived parameters may not be correct.
|Nederlandse titel||Geotechnisch onderzoek en beproeving - Beproeving van grond in het laboratorium - Deel 5: Één-dimensionale samendrukkingsproef|
|Engelse titel||Geotechnical investigation and testing - Laboratory testing of soil - Part 5: Incremental loading oedometer test|