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This European Standard specifies the safety requirements for design, construction, installation, maintenance and testing of dock levellers and for safety components on dock levellers. With the exception of: a) dock levellers for marine and aircraft applications; b) lifting tables; c) vehicle mounted tail lifts. This European Standard is applicable to dock levellers which are used by persons and/or manual or power driven transport equipment (e. g. forklift trucks) as traffic paths between goods vehicles, both road vehicles and rail wagons, and parts of buildings such as loading docks. This standard does not deal with other bridging devices not shown in Figure 1. This European Standard specifies requirements in order to protect persons and objects against accidents and health problems and damage during use and operation of dock levellers. Persons to protect are: a) operators and users; b) maintaining and inspecting personnel; c) persons near the dock leveller. Objects to be protected are: d) goods on dock levellers; e) transport equipment on dock levellers. The significant hazards of dock levellers are listed in Clause 4. These hazards have been identified by risk assessment according to EN ISO 12100-2 and require actions to avoid the hazard, or to reduce the risk, which are covered in Clause 5. The safety requirements are based on the assumption that the dock levellers are regularly maintained by competent persons to the instructions of the manufacturer and that the operating person has been instructed in the use of the dock leveller. This European Standard is not applicable to dock levellers which are manufactured before the date of its publication as EN. This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to dock Levellers, when they are used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer (see clause 4).