Over deze norm
This part of ISO 179 specifies a method for determining the Charpy impact strength of plastics under defined conditions. A number of different types of specimen and test configurations are defined. Different test parameters are specified according to the type of material, the type of test specimen and the type of notch. The method is used to investigate the behaviour of specified types of specimen under the impact conditions defined and for estimating the brittleness or toughness of specimens within the limitations inherent in the test conditions. It may also be used for the determination of comparative data from similar types of material. The method has a greater range of applicability than that given in ISO 1801) and is more suitable for the testing of materials showing interlaminar shear fracture or of materials exhibiting surface effects due to environ mental factors. The method is suitable for use with the following range of materials: - rigid thermoplastic moulding and extrusion materials, including filled and reinforced compounds in addition to unfilled types; rigid thermoplastics sheets; - rigid thermosetting moulding materials, including filled and reinforced compounds; rigid thermosetting sheets, including laminates; - fibre-reinforced thermosetting and thermoplastic composites incorporating unidirectional or nonunidirectional reinforcements such as mat, woven fabrics, woven rovings, chopped strands, combination and hybrid reinforcements, rovings and milled fibres, sheet made from pre-impregnated materials (prepregs), including filled and reinforced compounds; - thermotropic liquid-crystal polymers. Notched samples are not normally suitable for use with rigid cellular materials, long-fibre-reinforced composites or thermotropic liquid-crystal polymers. In these cases, unnotched samples may be used. The method is suited t o the use of specimens which may be either moulded to the chosen dimensions, machined from the central portion of a standard multipurpose test specimen (see ISO 3167) or machined from finished or semifinished products such as mouldings, laminates and extruded or cast sheet. The method specifies preferred dimensions for the test specimen. Tests which are carried out on specimens of different dimensions or with different notches, or specimens which are prepared under different conditions, may produce results which are not comparable. Other factors, such as the energy capacity of the apparatus, its impact velocity and the conditioning of the specimens can also influence the results. Consequently, when comparative data are required, these factors must be carefully controlled and recorded.