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This International Standard applies to all driverless trucks and their systems except: a) trucks solely guided by mechanical means (rails, guides, etc); b) trucks operating in areas open to persons unaware of the hazards. For the purposes of this International Standard, a driverless industrial truck is a powered vehicle, including any trailers, designed to travel automatically in which the safety of operation does not depend on an operator. Remote controlled trucks are not considered driverless trucks. For the purposes of this International Standard, a system comprises the control system, which may be part of the truck and/or separate from it, the guidance means and the battery charging system. This International Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the hazards listed in clause 4 which can arise during the commissioning, operation and maintenance of trucks in accordance with the specifications given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative. In addition, trucks should comply as appropriate with ISO/DIS 12100 for hazards not covered by this standard or the applicable companion standards. This International Standard covers specific hazards related to the automated functions of trucks and their systems listed in clause 4. This standard must be used in conjunction with one or more of the applicable companion parts of ISO 3691. The provision of a portable control unit does not classify the truck as a pedestrian controlled truck. The environment of trucks can have a significant effect on their safe operation. Annex A establishes requirements for the preparation of the environment to eliminate the associated hazards. For the person responsible for the integration of the trucks into the workplace, annex A is normative.