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This part of ISO 6336 specifies the fundamental formulae for use in tooth bending stress calculations for involute external or internal spur and helical gears with a rim thickness sR 0,5 ht for external gears and sR 1,75 mn for internal gears. In service, internal gears can experience failure modes other than tooth bending fatigue, i.e. fractures starting at the root diameter and progressing radially outward. This part of ISO 6336 does not provide adequate safety against failure modes other than tooth bending fatigue. All load influences on tooth stress are included in so far as they are the result of loads transmitted by the gears and in so far as they can be evaluated quantitatively. The given formulae are valid for spur and helical gears with tooth profiles in accordance with the basic rack standardized in ISO 53. They may also be used for teeth conjugate to other basic racks if the virtual contact ratio αn is less than 2,5. The load capacity determined on the basis of permissible bending stress is termed "tooth bending strength". The results are in good agreement with other methods for the range, as indicated in the scope of ISO 6336-1.