Over deze norm
This part of ISO/TS 17444 defines metrics for the charging performance of electronic fee collection (EFC) systems in terms of the level of errors associated with charging computation. This part of ISO/TS 17444 is a toolbox standard of metrics. The detailed choice of metrics depends on the application and the respective context. This part of ISO/TS 17444 describes a set of metrics with appropriate definitions, principles and formulations, which together make up a reference framework for the establishment of requirements for EFC systems and their later examination of the charging performance. The charging performance metrics defined in this part of ISO/TS 17444 are intended for use with any Charging Scheme, regardless of its technical underpinnings, system architecture, tariff structure, geographical coverage, or organizational model. They are defined to treat technical details that may be different among technologies and vendors or vary over time as a “black box”. They focus solely on the outcome of the charging process - i.e. the amount charged in relation to a premeasured or theoretically correct amount - rather than intermediate variables from various components as sensors, such as positioning accuracy, signal range, or optical resolution. This approach ensures comparable results for each metric in all relevant situations. The metrics are designed to cover the information exchanged on the Front End interface and the interoperability interfaces between Toll Service Providers, Toll Chargers and Road Users as well as on the End-to-End level. Metrics on the following information exchanges are defined: - Charge Reports; - Toll Declarations; - Billing Details and associated event data; - Payment Claims on the level of user accounts; - User Accounts; - End-to-End metrics which assess the overall performance of the charging process. The details on the rationale of this choice are described in 5.1. The proposed metrics are specifically addressed to protect the interests of the actors in a toll system, such as Toll Service Providers, Toll Chargers and Road Users. The metrics can be used to define requirements (e.g. for requests for proposals) and for performance assessment. This part of ISO/TS 17444 recognizes two types of situations where a performance assessment is necessary: a) when an assessment is carried out during a limited time span, such as when formulating requirements and assessing systems for acquisition purposes, conducting acceptance testing as part of the commissioning process, or as part of a certification procedure. Any one of these types of assessment is referred to as an evaluation; b) when an assessment is needed as an ongoing supervision process, throughout the lifetime of a system, in order to validate contracted service levels, to identify fraud or malfunction, or to support ongoing maintenance and performance improvement processes. This type of assessment is referred to as monitoring. The following are not covered by this part of ISO/TS 17444. - This part of ISO/TS 17444 does not propose specific numeric performance bounds, or average or worstcase error bounds in percentage or monetary units. Those decisions are left to the Toll Charger (or to agreements between Toll Charger and Service Provider), while providing a way to be sure that there is a consistent framework for describing system requirements when writing Request for proposals, for system comparisons during acquisition, for test results, for Service Level Agreements, and ongoing (postdeployment) performance monitoring. - This part of ISO/TS 17444 does not consider the evaluation of the expected performance of a system based on modelling and measured data from trial at another place. - This part of ISO/TS 17444 does not consider the specification of a common reference system which would be required for comparison of performance between systems. - This part of ISO/TS 17444 does not specify metrics on parts of tolling systems other than the charging process chain, such as: - enforcement system; - security measures. - This part of ISO/TS 17444 does not cover metrics on parts of the charging processing chain which are considered an internal matter of one of the interoperability partners: - equipment performance, e.g. for on-board equipment, road-side equipment or data centres such as signal range, optical resolution or computing system availability; - position performance metrics: The quality of data generated by position sensors is considered as an internal aspect of the Front End. It is masked by correction algorithms, filtering, inferring of data and the robustness of the Charge Object recognition algorithms. Even though some of these aspects have a direct impact on charging performance, they are not considered explicitly in this part of ISO/TS 17444.
|Nederlandse titel||Elektronische tolheffing - Prestatie bij het opladen - Deel 1: Metriek|
|Engelse titel||Electronic fee collection - Charging performance - Part 1: Metrics|