Over deze norm
This European Technical Specification establishes a process for training and competency assessment of personnel who disassemble, assemble and tighten bolted joints such as fitted to equipment subject to the Pressure Equipment Directive 97/23/EC (PED), in the content of this Technical Specification named "PED". Training and competence, experience and knowledge are often confused with each other. Training is no guarantor of competence, nor is experience a guarantor of knowledge and understanding. Training, experience, and assessment of knowledge are all required to achieve competence. Design codes for mechanical joints (see for example EN 1591-1 or CEN/TS 1591-3) increasingly require controlled bolt tightening in order to meet the specified bolt load tolerances. The intent of this Technical Specification is to ensure personnel are competent to assemble and tighten bolted joints using the design bolt load and documented work instructions, thereby establishing a joint capable of maintaining a leak-free status throughout its' service life. Competency in the analysis of joint failure is not required beyond use of knowledge gained during training. A correctly assembled and tightened joint that fails in service requires specialist knowledge and is out with the scope of this Technical Specification. This Technical Specification is applicable for bolted joints included on mechanical equipment subject to the PED, or any joint where failure would endanger personnel, plant or the environment. Such joints may or may not be fitted with a gasket. The validity includes all bolting arrangements, both circular and non-circular, and fluids (gas or liquid) with the exception of: - joints having less than 4 bolts, or bolt diameters less than M16; - potable or fire water, sewage systems. This Specification excludes: - craft personnel who are trained, examined and verified as competent in their craft training or normal course of work to assemble bolted joints, such as in the manufacture of equipment; - professional persons, who by their professional training and experience and contemporary practices are regularly concerned with bolted joints and their assembly. Manufacturers or operators need to develop and include a procedural framework within their quality management system to meet the requirements of this specification. Such a framework needs to address: - identification of personnel requiring training; - identification of a competent trainer or training provider, e.g. "Qualified Person for Pressure"; - evaluation of the effectiveness of the training. For examples, refer to EN ISO 9001:2000, 6.2.2.
|Nederlandse titel||Flenzen en hun verbindingen - Ontwerpregels voor flensverbindingen met ronde flenzen en pakkingen - Deel 4: Kwalificatie van personeelsbekwaamheid in het monteren van met bouten vastgezette verbindingen aan materieel volgens de Richtlijn Drukapparatuur|
|Engelse titel||Flanges and their joints - Design rules for gasketed circular flange connections - Part 4: Qualification of personnel competency in the assembly of bolted joints fitted to equipment subject to the Pressure Equipment Directive|
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